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Summary | Englightenment Now: Steven Pinker - The Case for Reason, Science, Humanism, and Progress (Enlightenment Now: The Case for Reason, Science, Humanism, ... Hardcover, Audiobook, Audible Book 1)

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A Complete Summary of Enlightenment Now: The Case for Reason, Science, Humanism, and Progress In the Introduction of his book, Steven Pinker outlined the main reasons why he has taken up such a large task: • Enlightenment ideals are worth discussing even today. • The ideals of reason, science, progress, and humanity are sound and right. • In our time these ideals shoul A Complete Summary of Enlightenment Now: The Case for Reason, Science, Humanism, and Progress In the Introduction of his book, Steven Pinker outlined the main reasons why he has taken up such a large task: • Enlightenment ideals are worth discussing even today. • The ideals of reason, science, progress, and humanity are sound and right. • In our time these ideals should be defended more strongly than ever. • Enlightenment ideals should not be taken for granted. They are the most responsible for progress in any sphere of human society. • Enlightenment ideals are the reason to live. Here Is A Preview Of What You Will Get: In Enlightenment: Now The Case for Reason, Science, Humanism, and Progress , you will get a summarized version of the book. In Enlightenment Now , you will find the book analyzed to further strengthen your knowledge. In Enlightenment Now, you will get some fun multiple choice quizzes, along with answers to help you learn about the book. Get a copy, and learn everything about Enlightenment Now.


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A Complete Summary of Enlightenment Now: The Case for Reason, Science, Humanism, and Progress In the Introduction of his book, Steven Pinker outlined the main reasons why he has taken up such a large task: • Enlightenment ideals are worth discussing even today. • The ideals of reason, science, progress, and humanity are sound and right. • In our time these ideals shoul A Complete Summary of Enlightenment Now: The Case for Reason, Science, Humanism, and Progress In the Introduction of his book, Steven Pinker outlined the main reasons why he has taken up such a large task: • Enlightenment ideals are worth discussing even today. • The ideals of reason, science, progress, and humanity are sound and right. • In our time these ideals should be defended more strongly than ever. • Enlightenment ideals should not be taken for granted. They are the most responsible for progress in any sphere of human society. • Enlightenment ideals are the reason to live. Here Is A Preview Of What You Will Get: In Enlightenment: Now The Case for Reason, Science, Humanism, and Progress , you will get a summarized version of the book. In Enlightenment Now , you will find the book analyzed to further strengthen your knowledge. In Enlightenment Now, you will get some fun multiple choice quizzes, along with answers to help you learn about the book. Get a copy, and learn everything about Enlightenment Now.

23 review for Summary | Englightenment Now: Steven Pinker - The Case for Reason, Science, Humanism, and Progress (Enlightenment Now: The Case for Reason, Science, Humanism, ... Hardcover, Audiobook, Audible Book 1)

  1. 5 out of 5

    Robert Jeens

    Loaded with data, this book makes the case that the values of the Enlightenment have led humans to improve our well being, that these values are constantly under threat, and that in order for further progress to be made, we need to rededicate ourselves to these values and where they lead us. The book was written in 2019, and sitting here in 2021, everything that has happened since has only led me to agree with the author, Steven Pinker, more. The key concepts to understanding the human condition, Loaded with data, this book makes the case that the values of the Enlightenment have led humans to improve our well being, that these values are constantly under threat, and that in order for further progress to be made, we need to rededicate ourselves to these values and where they lead us. The book was written in 2019, and sitting here in 2021, everything that has happened since has only led me to agree with the author, Steven Pinker, more. The key concepts to understanding the human condition, according to Pinker, are entropy, evolution and information. Entropy is disorder, and can be understood through the Second Law of Thermodynamics, which states that in a closed system, entropy never decreases. Thus, the natural state of things is disorder, and the states that can lead to human flourishing are rare and to be treasured. There are many bad ways to order society or a world or a body so as to disrupt its function, but only a few good ways. Evolution is what has passed down and improved the few good states to become even more adapted to our environments. We need to treasure what works. And information has allowed humans to self-consciously improve our situations. Information about our natural environment can be processed in our brains to generate behaviors that improve our chances of survival. We can use language and writing to communicate and store useful information and values that can improve community and individual survival. Now, for the data, which is so overwhelming in favor of Pinker’s argument that only a smattering of it can be passed on here. Human lifespan has increased from about 30 to over 70 years on average all over the world, due to advancements in health, wealth, and public sanitation, and decreases in wars, murders, and accidents. Because of rising wealth, knowledge and education, racism, sexism, homophobia, and violence against children have decreased, led by Western countries, but young people even in the Middle East have attitudes that Europeans held in the 1960s. We work far fewer hours than our ancestors, with generally pleasant retirements at the end, while home appliances have allowed us to spend much less time on household drudgery; we can spend our extra time travelling the world cheaply, or watching Verdi operas on Youtube, all the while enjoying a much more varied diet than our ancestors. Finally, climate change is real and nuclear weapons are threatening, but these are problems that are solvable by the application of reason and humanism. The threats to all this are authoritarian, anti-Enlightenment populists and various romantics, religionists, and pessimists. Aren’t there higher values than human well-being? What about our spirit? (We don’t have one.) Can’t war be glorious? (Not if you lose.) What about the good of the race or nation? (Humans are real and can be hurt, races and nations are human creations that can’t be physically harmed). Lastly, the news media feeds us a diet of bad news, so that most people don’t have any idea that things are actually getting better. Pinker asserts the centrality of the Enlightenment ideals of reason, science and humanism. He warns of the danger that thinking with an ideological lens poses to a rational outlook. Rather than looking for information that boosts our side, we need to follow where the data lead in order to build a better society. Pinker believes that science is the proudest accomplishment of the human species. Many of the laws of physics and genetics are completely understood and can be applied to improve the human condition. Unfortunately, both the right and left try to undermine basic science to promote their own agendas. The key to understanding science is that it does not depend upon any current scientific hypothesis but rather the scientific method as a means for discovering knowledge. Further, Pinker decries the anti-scientific attitude among most of the humanities and believes that science should be further integrated into the humanities curriculum so that anti-scientific attitudes can be challenged. But for science to improve our lives, it must be guided by humanism, “The goal of maximizing human flourishing – life, health, happiness, freedom, knowledge, love, richness of experience.” I agree with most of what Pinker has to say – I particularly agree with his list of enemies. The quibbles I have with the book are mostly in the details. Pinker shows that inequality is not as bad as some think, and that absolute poverty is worse than relative poverty, but that doesn’t mean that inequality doesn’t pose real threats to the democratic process and to our quest for social peace. Also, his statement that a virus doesn’t care if you are rich or poor seems to have been proved wrong by the last year of Covid-19. However, it has been demonstrated that the Enlightenment ideas he puts forward are the correct ideals and are the best bet to make things better for humanity going forward. Maybe he should have written a part of the book about the outrage machine known as social media, and how it transfixes our lizard brains to make us susceptible to group think. I’ve been watching as BLM protestors and Antifa have torn apart Portland and burned down Walmarts and how police have beat peaceful protestors and others propelled by lies that fit their own narratives have invaded the Capitol. Reason, knowledge, science, humanism: please try those instead.

  2. 4 out of 5

    Amr Soliman

  3. 4 out of 5

    Rodney A Harrill

  4. 4 out of 5

    J W Brown

  5. 4 out of 5

    Joeyantonellijoeyantonelli.Net

  6. 5 out of 5

    Dimitri Derose

  7. 4 out of 5

    David Yother

  8. 5 out of 5

    alberta conrad

  9. 5 out of 5

    Hattie

  10. 4 out of 5

    Holly

  11. 4 out of 5

    jean de Brabant

  12. 5 out of 5

    Maria

  13. 5 out of 5

    Timothy O. White

  14. 4 out of 5

    David

  15. 4 out of 5

    Olga

  16. 4 out of 5

    Régis

  17. 5 out of 5

    Nikki Tracey

  18. 4 out of 5

    Aparna

  19. 4 out of 5

    Kieren

  20. 5 out of 5

    Courtney

  21. 4 out of 5

    Robyn

  22. 5 out of 5

    Mihkel Savioja

  23. 4 out of 5

    Natasha Allen

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